During the ages, planet Earth faces mass extinctions. 250 million years ago, probably because of volcanic eruptions, more than 90% of all life form was gone from this planet. Another event took place 65 million years ago and kill all the dinosaurs and other big creature on Earth.

In both cases, the mass extinction occurred due to sudden changes in atmospheric composition or climatic conditions, caused by a sudden catastrophic event. Although we are not immune to something like that to happen again, experts point out that the next extinction is more likely to be caused by human hands, through global warming, overuse of natural resources and excessive pollution.

Either by some sudden catastrophe or by the slow destruction of our planet by man, it is very likely that we have to deal with a toxic environment and extreme temperatures in the near future. If the planet is not disintegrated, here are some strategies that can ensure our survival in a possible process of extinction:

1- Don’t run for the hills

As we are not able to hibernate for a few centuries, the best thing to do is not run for the hills, but hide in underground or underwater cities. The species that were able to save themselves during the last mass extinctions process were small and lived underground in different parts of the world. Therefore, we will need giant complexes, in which we can produce our own energy and grow our food. Moreover, we must not forget to include huge ventilation devices with an air purification system or find a way to fabricate oxygen.

2- Don’t get outside

Nothing to take a peek at the sky, at least for a decade, and depending on the scenario, we may have to remain hidden for thousands of years! For example, if a meteor hits the Earth and this hits our oil or coal reserves, the heat would evaporate these elements, making the air in the atmosphere toxic to us. It can take centuries to clean the atmosphere by natural ways.

Furthermore, there is a possibility that the oceans lose all oxygen, which causes the disappearance of thousands of species and even changes the color of the ocean. However, unless our possible extinction occurs because of an apocalyptic nuclear event, it is possible that we can get out of our hiding places for short intervals of time.

3- New diet

Do not expect to have access to delicious food after a catastrophic event that forces us to live hidden and produces our own food. Luckily, humans are highly adaptable, able to adapt to live in new territories and new diets, but the process would not be easy. Our diet would probably consist of algae, seeds, roots and larvae, in addition to any nutrient thing that can be found and cultivate underground. In addition, the portions would be very tiny, so we had to prepare ourselves to go on a strict diet and feel kind of hungry.

4- Don’t panic

In spite of everything, never forget that human beings are brilliant creatures. Besides clever, we are everywhere in the world and are highly adaptable to adversity. While it is important to be prepared for everything, it would need more than the impact of a meteor or the awakening of giant volcanoes or any other apocalyptic event to finish us!

When you get lost in the wild, the five most important things that you will need to ensure you survive is shelter, water, food, warmth and getting rescued. You also don’t need to panic as research shows most people get found within 72 hours when they are lost in the wilderness.

Shelter

The first thing you need to do is to prepare a shelter, you can build a shelter with branches or bamboo sticks. A good shelter will keep you protected from harsh weather conditions and serve as protection from wild animals. When building a shelter, choose a site that is dry, has good drainage, flat and it should be as small as possible especially if it is in a cold region.

Do not put your shelter too close to water bodies as insects will trouble you. Build your shelter on high ground to avoid flood water and for protection as you will be able to see what is coming your way. This is also advantageous for if there is a search party out looking for you, they will have a better chance to locate your shelter.

Finding water

An adult can survive three to four days without water, so it is essential that you find water quickly. The main symptoms of dehydration include thirst, body weakness, dark colored urine and lack of appetite.

If you can’t find a free flowing stream, you can collect condensed water from plants. You can also travel parallel to a mountain as they usually have streams flowing down. Another way to find water is to make a shallow hole in a dried up river bed.

Food

The food options available in the wilderness can either be animals, plants or insects and bugs. Animals can be trapped or if you are lucky you can find a stream with fish. The best option in the wilderness is to eat bugs as they are easy to find and very nutritious. Only eat plants that you are 100% sure are edible or else you risk getting diarrhea that will kill you even faster.

Warmth

A fire is essential as it cooks your food, purifies water, scares away animals and keeps you warm. You can use glasses to light a fire, if you do not have glass then you can create a spark using two stones, make sure you have combustible material at hand for this to be successful. If you were prepared then you will be lucky to have match boxes for lighting the fire.

Getting rescued

Signaling for help is very important as people searching for you will find your location easily. You can signal for help by using virtual signals, SOS signals are best known distress signals and can be achieved by using a flashlight at night or signal mirror during the day. Signal fires are also very effective, building three fires in a triangle is an internationally recognized distress signal.

Getting just the know how for surviving in the wilderness is not enough; I recommend that you participate in a course of wilderness survival skills and start by reading the lost ways reviews. You can even create an activity where you go out with a team consisting of hunting experts and people experienced in the wilderness life making sure you travel light without food or the basic supplies.

It is quite important to know the most basic wilderness survival tips before you venture out in the wild. Basically, you must know what you’ll to have and what to do in order to survive in the wilderness irrespective of whether you are male or female. However, there is one thing that you can count on for you to go through the wild unscathed-your will! In almost all circumstances, a strong will help you counter uncertainty-and this is especially what Mother Nature can throw at you without notice.

To begin with, knowing how to make a shelter will save you a lot of trouble when you are out there. There is also the issue of fire, having navigation tools to know your direction, and what you can eat just in case you run out of food or something. If you have poor clothing, then get prepared for more difficult times. As you know, clothing is an essential requirement for you to keep warm if the weather proves to be quite unfavorable. Get some drinking water to avoid dehydration or a water purifier that you can use to eliminate pathogenic elements from the rare water sources you come across.

It is vital that you remain positive at all times and be as calm as possible, because your attitude determines how you think. Do not allow negative thoughts to cloud your thought line, not let fear take control of you. As a word of advice, always have all your possessions with you at all times. Do not even overlook that which seems useless, as it is what might end up help you survive the terrors of the wild. For instance, even your shoe lace can be used to make a bow and use it with a wooden arrow from a tree-branch.

There are many wild edible berries in the wild, as there are those that can kill within a short span of time. It is highly advisable that you get acquainted with edible berries, fruits, plants, and even know how to make simple traps. Remember, things can get pretty tough in the wild and so knowing how to make a fire to roast some of these rodents can keep you going. Last but not least, always have a knife or multi tool with you for both cutting and protection. These wilderness survival tips are for all people irrespective of age and gender. Having said this, know the different ways you can make a shelter and light a fire even by use of stones and some dry grass.

One of the first things to consider when trying to survive is that you have to be able to find ways to make sure that you can keep track of food and water. Peanut butter is one of those items that can definitely help you sustain your life as you are dealing with a dangerous survival situation. Pinto beans are something that can last for up to ten years, presuming that the pinto beans are properly sealed. Whole wheat flour is something that you can definitely use to make a number of different foods. The whole wheat flour is something that can keep for five years, as long as it is kept away from oxygen. If you are someone that likes a lot of variety in food, you definitely want to make sure the whole wheat flour is protected.

Water

Water is absolutely vital when you are trying to survive the apocalypse. You may want to contact friends to learn about different water routes that are still available. You should be aware of the impact climate change may have on different water routes. You can already see the impact that climate change has had on water resources in Southern California, and the state of New Mexico, for example. The concept of creating pipelines can have an impact on the ability of communities to access water. There are a lot of untouched areas in Idaho, even an apocalyptic situation, you may be able to find a viable water route there in the future.

Injuries

You are going to have injuries in the future, following this disaster. One of the best tools that you want to have available would be peroxide. School nurses constantly sang the praises of peroxide when you were going to school; you want to be able to find something that can keep for a long time and also deal properly with an infection. Most soaps tend to keep fairly well; this can be important to remember as you learn how to deal with different injuries and stay clean after those injuries.

Luxuries

If you end up surviving the end of the world, you have to realize that if you have a lot of supplies, people that also survived will be jealous of those supplies. You are going to have to worry about scarce resources, and people are potentially fighting over a luxury like charcoal. One of the decisions you would have to make is whether you are willing to share some of these luxuries. You will see some people always cite hard candy as a type of food that can keep for a long time; it is hard to say that the taste of hard candy does not change drastically over a longer time period, though. Would you reject such a luxury just because it tastes different, though? It may be quite nasty.

Questions

Some questions will pop up as you are trying to make it in a world that has suffered an apocalypse. You have to be reasonable with people, work things out and try to do what you can to make sure things can work out. In closing, you have to make rational decisions for survival.

We live in a world surrounded by constant danger. Danger from various agents that could lead to the depletion of the human population. Understanding and knowing what kinds of agents can lead to disaster helps in adequate preparation and hence survival of the resulting epidemic. But before one prepares for survival, one needs to understand what an epidemic is.

An epidemic is defined as the rapid transmission of highly infectious diseases to a large part of a given population, usually within a short time period, two weeks or less. Once an epidemic occurs, measures have to be put in place to curb the spread of the disease to prevent life loss. Survival of an epidemic will depend on both individual and communal knowledge on how to survive one.

In order to know what to avoid and what to do, one needs to know the conditions that govern the outbreak of an epidemic. Food supplies, population movements and season of the year are the biggest factors that play in spread of the epidemic. Proper handling of these factors plays a large part in human survival.

The most basic way to prepare according to Microsoft founder and philanthropist, Bill Gates, is to have a disease surveillance system. This tests and monitors the spread of infectious diseases. Once that is in place, the actual response plan has to be laid out. Quick and prompt response, coupled with disease knowledge, usually results in many lives saved.

Apart from those global measures taken to protect the vast human population, survival of an epidemic is also dependent on individual preparedness. A person who’s well prepared for an epidemic has a higher chance of survival unlike one who’s caught by surprise. One needs to know that epidemics might last long, as long as several months, hence one needs to be prepared to self sustain for a long period.

Some of the basic things that would be helpful in the event of an epidemic include: water, food, liquid bleach for sanitation, gloves, gas and face masks, soap, toilet paper, heavy duty bags, safety goggles e.t.c. These aren’t the only thing one needs. Depending on the individual, some special needs might arise such as insulin for diabetic people. One should stock up on things they know they need for basic living.

However, total isolation isn’t the safest way to go about an epidemic. Human beings are social beings hence maintaining a communication network with others with minimal physical contact is vital for one’s mental health during that period. It’s also advisable to go rural since one can grow their own food and stay away from the dangers the cities pose.

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