We live in a world surrounded by constant danger. Danger from various agents that could lead to the depletion of the human population. Understanding and knowing what kinds of agents can lead to disaster helps in adequate preparation and hence survival of the resulting epidemic. But before one prepares for survival, one needs to understand what an epidemic is.
An epidemic is defined as the rapid transmission of highly infectious diseases to a large part of a given population, usually within a short time period, two weeks or less. Once an epidemic occurs, measures have to be put in place to curb the spread of the disease to prevent life loss. Survival of an epidemic will depend on both individual and communal knowledge on how to survive one.
In order to know what to avoid and what to do, one needs to know the conditions that govern the outbreak of an epidemic. Food supplies, population movements and season of the year are the biggest factors that play in spread of the epidemic. Proper handling of these factors plays a large part in human survival.
The most basic way to prepare according to Microsoft founder and philanthropist, Bill Gates, is to have a disease surveillance system. This tests and monitors the spread of infectious diseases. Once that is in place, the actual response plan has to be laid out. Quick and prompt response, coupled with disease knowledge, usually results in many lives saved.
Apart from those global measures taken to protect the vast human population, survival of an epidemic is also dependent on individual preparedness. A person who’s well prepared for an epidemic has a higher chance of survival unlike one who’s caught by surprise. One needs to know that epidemics might last long, as long as several months, hence one needs to be prepared to self sustain for a long period.
Some of the basic things that would be helpful in the event of an epidemic include: water, food, liquid bleach for sanitation, gloves, gas and face masks, soap, toilet paper, heavy duty bags, safety goggles e.t.c. These aren’t the only thing one needs. Depending on the individual, some special needs might arise such as insulin for diabetic people. One should stock up on things they know they need for basic living.
However, total isolation isn’t the safest way to go about an epidemic. Human beings are social beings hence maintaining a communication network with others with minimal physical contact is vital for one’s mental health during that period. It’s also advisable to go rural since one can grow their own food and stay away from the dangers the cities pose.